Justification of the Degree: Degree of Pharmacy

Welcome to the Degree Justification section: Degree in Pharmacy. Here you will find a wide variety of documents and essential information that supports and justifies the value and importance of the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree at our institution.

Our main objective is to provide students, professionals and the general public with a complete overview of the academic and scientific foundations that underpin the Bachelor of Pharmacy degree. Please take advantage of this section as an invaluable resource to understand and appreciate the scope and impact of the School of Pharmacy on society. We are committed to academic excellence and the comprehensive education of our students, and we hope this information will help you recognize the value of your Bachelor of Pharmacy degree and your contribution to the well-being of the community.

Explore the documents and information provided here and discover how the Albacete School of Pharmacy is contributing to the formation of our students!

Justification of the academic, scientific, professional and social interest of the degree

The Law 44/2003 on the Organization of Health Professions, in its Article 2.2.a), recognizes Pharmacy as a healthcare profession at the graduate level, encompassing activities related to the production, preservation, and dispensation of medications, as well as collaboration in analytical, pharmacotherapeutic, and public health surveillance processes (Article 6.2b). The current Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, dated September 7, 2005, regarding the recognition of professional qualifications, in Section 7, establishes the existence of a pharmaceutical training degree and the minimum requirements it must meet, as well as the provisions regarding the exercise of pharmaceutical professional activities. The pharmacist is an expert in medications, both in their chemical and biological aspects and in their healthcare application. Furthermore, their multidisciplinary training has led many pharmacists to contribute to scientific development in various fields such as botany, chemistry, biochemistry, bromatology, edaphology, parasitology, microbiology, and more. Their extensive participation in the development of universities and the Superior Council for Scientific Research is also noteworthy. The current training as a Pharmacy graduate enables professionals to work in pharmacies, the pharmaceutical industry, hospital and non-hospital specializations, sanitary analysis laboratories, healthcare management, and educational and research activities.

Regarding Pharmacy studies, Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, dated September 7, 2005, establishes the framework for pharmacy education in the European Union, specifying the necessary conditions for obtaining the diploma, university degree, or certificate as a pharmacist in terms of knowledge and the duration of the training cycle. It also identifies the activities that can be carried out by holders of the diploma, university degree, or certificate as a pharmacist, promotes mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates, and other pharmacy-related titles, and contains provisions aimed at facilitating the effective exercise of the right of establishment.

Pharmacy studies are established for a minimum of five years. At least four years of theoretical and practical education and at least six months of internships must be completed. Directive 2005/36/EC includes the recognized titles as follows, indicating the country and the reference date:

Los estudios de farmacia se establecen en un mínimo de cinco años. Al menos deberán cursarse cuatro años de enseñanzas teórico-prácticas y al menos seis meses de prácticas. En la Directiva 2005/36/CE se recogen los títulos reconocidos que se relacionan a continuación, con el país a que corresponden y la fecha de referencia:

  • Germany: Zeugnis uber die Staatliche Pharmazeutische Prüfung. October 1, 1987
  • Austria: Staatliches Apothekerdiplom. October 1, 1994
  • Belgium: Diploma van apoteker/Diplôme de pharmacien. October 1, 1987
  • Cyprus: May 1, 2004
  • Denmark: Bevis for bestået farmaceutisk kandidateksamen. October 1, 1987
  • Spain: Título de Licenciado en Farmacia. October 1, 1987
  • Slovenia: Diploma, s katero se podeljuje strokovni naziv «magister farmacije/ magistra farmacije. May 1, 2004
  • Slovakia: Vysokoskolsky diplom o udelení akademického titulu «magister farmácie» («Mgr.»). May 1, 2004
  • Estonia: Diplom proviisori õppekava läbimisest. May 1, 2004
  • Finland: Proviisorin tutkinto/Provisorexamen. October 1, 1994
  • France: Diplôme d’Etat de pharmacien y Diplôme d’Etat de docteur en pharmacie. October 1, 1987
  • Greece: Άδεια άζκηζης θαρμακεσηικού επαγγέλμαηος ―Certificado para ejercer la actividad de Farmacéutico‖. October 1, 1987
  • Netherlands: Getuigschrift van met roed gevoldg afgelegd apothekersexamen. October 1, 1987
  • Hungary: Okleveles gyógyszerész oklevél (magister pharmaciae,röv:mag. Pharm). May 1, 2004
  • Ireland: Certificate of Registered Pharmaceutical Chemist
  • Italy: Diploma o certificato di abilitazione all’esercizio della professione di farmacista ottenuto in seguito ad un esame di Stato. November 1, 1993
  • Latvia: Farmaceita diploms. May 1, 2004
  • Lithuania: Aukstojo mokslo diplomas, nurodantis suteikta vaistininko profesine kvalifikacija. May 1, 2004
  • Luxembourg: Diplôme d`Etat de Pharmacien. October 1, 1987
  • Malta: Lawrja fil-farmacija. May 1, 2004
  • Portugal: Carta de curso de licenciatura en Ciências Farmacêuticas. October 1, 1987
  • Poland: Dyplom ukonczenia studiów wyzszych na kierunku farmacja z tytulem magistra. May 1, 2004
  • United Kingdom: Certificate of Registered Pharmaceutical Chemist. October 1, 1987
  • Czech Republic: Diplom o ukoncení studia ve studijním programu farmacie. May 1, 2004
  • Sweden: Apotekarexamen. October 1, 1994

The current legislation regulates the profession of pharmacist as a regulated profession, and according to Article 12.9 of Royal Decree 1393/2007, which establishes the organization of official university education (currently replaced by Royal Decree 822/2021, dated September 28, 2021, which establishes the organization of university education and the quality assurance procedure), it requires the possession of the corresponding official undergraduate degree.

Order CIN/2137/2008, dated July 3, establishes the requirements for the verification of university degrees that qualify for the exercise of the pharmacist profession.

The Pharmacy degree is one of the set of degrees approved by the Governing Council of UCLM on April 7, 2008, for implementation at the various campuses of the Regional University. As with other degrees, it is based on an initiative by the Government of the Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha (requested by UCLM on April 1, 2008), which considers the short-term implementation of these degrees strategic. In the case of the Pharmacy program, both institutions have taken into account significant facts, such as the yearly departure of more than one-third of young people in the region to neighboring autonomous communities to start their studies in fields like Pharmacy, which are not offered by the Regional University. Additionally, the presence of already established biosanitary programs such as Medicine (Albacete) and Nursing (Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, and Toledo), as well as the existence of the Biomedical Research Center (CRIB) and the Botanical Institute with headquarters in Albacete, both with regional dimensions, enables the creation of a biosanitary research and teaching hub on this campus. This fact is also considered strategic for both institutions. Therefore, although it is important to justify the social demand for the implementation of Pharmacy at UCLM (Albacete Campus), it should be noted that the existence of other Pharmacy Faculties in neighboring regions facilitates the implementation of the degree at UCLM, as the experience of those centers will be applied in the development of the curriculum. If necessary, teaching and research positions can be filled by staff from these faculties.

Lastly, the excellent relationship with the Official College of Pharmacists of Albacete, as well as with the Council of Colleges of the Region, enables the signing of corresponding agreements to address the mandatory Supervised Internship Programs. UCLM will develop a protocol for the accreditation of pharmacies interested in participating in these programs, just as protocols have already been signed by the Regional Council of Pharmacists with other universities (Alcalá de Henares, Granada, Valencia, etc.). Additionally, the Regional Government, through the Health Service of Castilla-La Mancha, expresses its interest in promoting the annual offering of over 80 positions in Hospital Pharmacy at the teaching hospitals in the region. With the involvement of the University Hospital Complex of Albacete, filling that number of positions would not pose a challenge. In this regard, the University Hospital Complex of Albacete is currently undergoing a complex expansion and renovation process (Master Plan of the University Hospital Complex of Albacete), which will soon increase its capacity to offer internships not only for Medicine and Nursing but also for the Pharmacy degree.

The social demand for the Pharmacy degree was previously studied by UCLM before its implementation. The studies conducted by the Office of the Rector of UCLM, presented at the Governing Council on April 17, 2008, show that in the academic years 2006/07, 2005/06, and 2004/05, a total of 292 students from the region of Castilla-La Mancha, where UCLM has university campuses (provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, and Toledo), had to pursue their Pharmacy studies in nearby areas due to the lack of a Pharmacy Faculty in the region. This number of students was sufficient to justify the number of places offered for new admissions in the Pharmacy degree. It is also worth noting the catalytic effect of implementing a university degree in the region that did not previously exist, which increases the demand from students, as has happened with other degrees in the Biosanitary field, such as Medicine or various Engineering disciplines. The White Paper for the Pharmacy degree (ANECA, 2004) shows the very high degree of social demand for this degree nationally and specifically at the University of Castilla-La Mancha due to its high prospects for employment given its multidisciplinary nature that combines training in various scientific subjects.

Once the initially proposed objectives have been achieved and the favorable resolution from the Council of Universities has been obtained (March 21, 2017) regarding the renewal of the accreditation for the official degree of Bachelor in Pharmacy at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, an increase of 40 new students for the academic year 2018/2019 is proposed. This increase takes into account that the Pharmacy degree at UCLM has implemented the curriculum according to the verified report and has incorporated all the modifications indicated by ANECA in the corresponding follow-up reports. Furthermore, the demand from students to pursue their Pharmacy studies in the region has been increasing throughout its implementation, reaching a number of applications exceeding 400 per academic year. Lastly, but not least, since the academic year 2017-2018, the Pharmacy degree has been operating in a new building with sufficient space to accommodate an increased number of new students. The increase in students will be accompanied by an appropriate increase in teaching and administrative staff required to maintain the quality of the program.

For the development of the curriculum, the opinions of graduates from the Pharmacy degree who are currently practicing in Castilla-La Mancha, particularly in the province of Albacete, have been taken into special consideration. The prospecting work involving this group has been made possible through the collaboration of the Official College of Pharmacists and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of the Regional Government of Castilla-La Mancha. The opinions of former students from the Pharmacy Faculties of the following universities have been compared:

  • University of Valencia
  • Complutense University of Madrid
  • Miguel Hernández University
  • University of Salamanca
  • University of Alcalá de Henares
  • University of Barcelona

To prepare the proposed curriculum, projects, working documents, curricula from other universities, and various national and international forums were consulted. The most representative sources are detailed below:

General and specific information on Pharmacy used in the documentation process for our proposal was obtained from the section dedicated to the European Higher Education Area on the website of the Ministry of Science and Innovation. This section includes official Spanish and European provisions, as well as documentation resulting from meetings, working groups, reports, etc.

Pharmacy studies are offered at all excellent European universities with a consolidated academic tradition. Section 2.1 refers to similar recognized degrees from quality European universities or those of proven interest (Directive 2005/36/EC).

Degrees in Pharmacy from different Spanish public and private universities, valid at the time of the entry into force of Organic Law 4/2007 of April 12, which modifies Organic Law 6/2001 of December 21 on Universities (currently repealed by Organic Law 2/2023 of March 22 on the University System).

The first external reference used in the preparation of the proposal was the White Paper "Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy" published by the National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation (ANECA, 2004). It was developed taking into account the opinions, comments, and suggestions of business, social, and economic media, as well as the pharmaceutical industry.

The Advisory Committee of Experts that drafted the proposal for the Pharmacy Degree at UCLM consulted the minutes of the meetings of the Conference of Deans of Pharmacy Faculties in Spain and the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP). The agreements reached by consensus in these meetings were adapted in the presented plan. Other external references taken into account include the document on "University, Specialized, and Continuing Education in Pharmacy" elaborated by a group of experts under the supervision of the Advisory Council on Health, Ministry of Health and Consumption (2007), the "Vienna Declaration on Good Practices in Pharmacy Education" by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP, 2000), and the Declarations of La Laguna (2004) and Malta (2005) by the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP), the latter signed by more than 310 delegates from 68 Pharmacy Faculties in 29 countries. In fact, in order to harmonize Pharmacy studies in EU member countries, the EAFP has been meeting periodically since its establishment in 1992 to discuss and study the measures that should be taken to achieve this goal.

The recommendations of the Pharmaceutical Group of the European Union (PGEU), specifically its declaration on the Bologna Process titled "Le Processus de Bologne et la Formation en Pharmacie" (Ref.: 04.11.03 007 PGEU), have also been used as an external reference.

The document agreed upon by the National Conference of Pharmacy Deans, which includes the 15 universities that offer the degree, has been referenced as well.

Royal Decree 1393/2007 of October 29, which establishes the organization of official university studies (currently repealed by Royal Decree 822/2021 of September 28, which establishes the organization of university studies and the quality assurance procedure).

During the drafting process of the Pharmacy Degree proposal, several curriculum plans from different Spanish public universities were consulted. It is important to note that during that period, all universities were involved in the process of transforming their curricula. Therefore, the work was primarily done with existing plans and draft plans.

The main universities whose curriculum plans served as a reference for the development of UCLM's plan are:

  • Complutense University of Madrid: The draft curriculum plan for the Pharmacy Degree at UCM was consulted during the drafting process of UCLM's plan.

     The current curriculum plan and the draft plan were used as a formal framework, particularly in terms of tables and subject descriptions. It also influenced the allocation of basic and some compulsory subjects, as well as the credit distribution for most proposed basic and compulsory subjects. Additionally, it provided guidance on the temporal distribution of subjects and the basic scheme of ECTS credits per subject and semester (6/9 ECTS and 30 ECTS, respectively). It should be noted that a member of the drafting committee belongs to UCM.
  • University of Salamanca: Similar to the previous curriculum plan, the curriculum plan of the University of Salamanca was considered a reference for content allocation and distribution of educational activities for several proposed subjects.

  • University of Alcalá de Henares: The curriculum plan for the Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy and the draft plan for the degree at the University of Alcalá de Henares were consulted to adapt UCLM's plan according to regional demands, aiming to provide a unique and appealing profile for students in the region. A member of the drafting committee belongs to this university.

Other public universities whose curriculum plans were consulted for the development of UCLM's plan include:

  • University of La Laguna (a member of the drafting committee belongs to this university)
  • Miguel Hernández University
  • University of Valencia
  • University of Seville
  • University of Barcelona

As additional information, curriculum plans from various private universities, such as the Cardinal Herrera CEU University, were also consulted.

External consultation procedures:
To carry out this consultation, a small group of expert professionals and related associations in the field were requested to evaluate the proposed curriculum. The individuals and institutions consulted are as follows:

  • Ms. María Rosa López-Torres Hidalgo: President of the College of Pharmacists of Albacete.
  • Mr. Pedro Capilla Martínez: President of the General Council of Pharmacists of Spain.
  • Mr. Jesús Martino: Director-Manager of the University General Hospital of Albacete.
  • Mr. Julián Creis Márquez: President of the College of Pharmacists of Ciudad Real.


Internal consultation procedures:

The Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy was approved in the session of the UCLM's Governing Council on April 17, 2008, as part of the university's degree program map.

Since September 2008, the Vice-Rector for Bachelor's and Master's Degrees at UCLM visited various Pharmacy Faculties and held individual meetings with professors from different areas of expertise to discuss the model of the Albacete Pharmacy Faculty and its curriculum.

This led to the formation of an Advisory Committee of Experts for the development of the curriculum plan for the Bachelor's Degree in Pharmacy, consisting of the following members:

  • Dr. Valentín Ceña Callejo: Professor of Pharmacology, University of Castilla-La Mancha.
  • Dr. José Albaladejo Pérez: Professor of Physical Chemistry, University of Castilla-La Mancha.
  • Dr. Jorge de las Heras Ibáñez: Professor of Plant Production, University of Castilla-La Mancha.
  • Dr. Francisco Zaragozá García: Professor of Pharmacology, University of Alcalá de Henares.
  • Dr. Ana Crespo de las Casas: Professor of Botany, Complutense University of Madrid.
  • Dr. Carmen María Evora García: Professor of Pharmaceutical Technology, University of La Laguna.

Additionally, opinions were sought from other renowned professors and lecturers from other Pharmacy Faculties to shape the proposal.